Diabetes Specialist

Shubi Shahida, MD -  - Internal Medicine

Shubi Shahida, MD

Internal Medicine located in Smithfield, NC

More than 23 million adults in the United States are diagnosed with diabetes every year, with many more remaining undiagnosed. At her internal medicine practice in Smithfield, North Carolina, Shubi Shahida, MD, is experienced in diagnosing and treating both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Dr. Shahida offers several treatment options, including continuous glucose monitors, or CGMs, to help you better control your diabetes long-term and also help prevent the disease if you’re at risk. Learn more about treatment options by calling the office today, or use the online booking feature to schedule a consultation.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

There are two primary kinds of diabetes, a chronic condition that affects how your body processes glucose, or sugar, that you get from your diet. Ideally, the foods you consume contain necessary sugars that your body converts to energy. With diabetes, this process is interrupted, which can cause a number of long-term health complications.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that causes your pancreas to stop producing insulin, a vital hormone that’s involved in the conversion of your blood sugar to energy.

With type 2 diabetes, your body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or doesn’t use the insulin it makes effectively

In both cases, without good control, the sugar levels in your blood remain high, leading to potentially life-threatening health conditions, such as:

  • Stroke
  • Hypertension
  • Nerve damage
  • Kidney damage
  • Coronary heart disease

Untreated diabetes can also lead to premature death or loss of limb due to uncontrolled infection and tissue death.

What causes diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that’s common in childhood but can develop at any age. You may be at increased risk if you have a family history of diabetes. However, the root cause of type 1 diabetes is often unknown.

The cause of type 2 diabetes includes a variety of genetic and lifestyle factors, such as:

  • Age
  • Weight
  • Lack of activity
  • Hypertension

You may also be at increased risk if you have a family history or if you develop prediabetes, a condition where your blood sugar levels remain high but not high enough to be considered diabetes.

What treatment options are available for diabetes?

To confirm a diagnosis of diabetes, Dr. Shahida requests a blood test to evaluate your blood sugar levels. You may need this test if you’re experiencing symptoms or as part of routine screenings if you have a family history or other risk factors for diabetes.

With type 1 diabetes, you need daily insulin therapy to keep your blood sugar controlled. Dr. Shahida provides guidance with this type of therapy.

For type 2 diabetes, you may need to make lifestyle changes and improve your diet and physical activity levels. Medications may be necessary to control blood sugar.

Dr. Shahida also offers the convenience of continuous glucose monitors, or CGMS, a wearable device that constantly monitors your blood glucose levels throughout the day and night. This device helps you know when you may need more insulin, if your blood sugar levels are too low (hypoglycemia), and lets you see how certain foods and physical activity impact your levels, helping you make better choices. For help managing your diabetes, schedule a consultation online or by phone today.